【心灵之约】心晴贴士第78期:Warning Signs
发布时间:2015-04-28    作者:   来源:大学生发展研究与指导中心    点击率:

各位老师、同学:

    当一个人处于心理危机时会表现出各种征兆,并非无迹可寻或无法预防,及时识别这些迹象是帮助他们走出心理危机的第一步也是最为重要的一步。90%以上的人在危机干预过后能够重新找到生活的意义并能够有效的调整自我的状态。

    以下为一些需引起特别重视的言行,表现出这些言行的人可能正处于心理危机中,需要我们特别关注。 

Warning signs are specific behaviors that could indicate someone may be thinking about suicide. Recognizing warning signs is an important first step in being able to help your friend. The more warning signs you see, the more likely it is that your friend may be thinking about suicide.

 

People may give direct as well as indirect verbal cues about their suicidal thoughts. These typically communicate feelings of being trapped, helpless, and hopeless. Direct verbal cues are clear statements expressing suicidal thoughts, such as "I'm thinking about killing myself," while indirect verbal cues serve more as hints that a student is thinking about suicide. These can be statements like "Things will be better when I'm gone," "The pain will never stop unless I do something," or "I want to go to sleep and never wake up." Students may express these verbal cues on social networking sites like Twitter and Facebook. No matter which medium your friend uses to express these verbal cues, they should always be taken seriously.

 

Warning signs include:

  • Feelings or statements of hopelessness
  • Rage, anger, seeking revenge
  • Feeling trapped
  • Increased alcohol or other drug use
  • Withdrawal from others
  • Anxiety, agitation, or sleep problems
  • Dramatic mood changes
  • Feelings or statements that reflect not having a reason to live or a sense of purpose
  • Threatening to hurt or kill themselves
  • Looking for ways to kill themselves; seeking access to pills, weapons or other means
  • Talking or writing about death, dying or suicide (If it is out of the ordinary)

 

If you notice these warning signs in your student/friend, it is very important that you ask them directly if they are thinking about suicide.

(资料来源:得克萨斯大学奥斯汀分校心理咨询中心网站)


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